• Choose one Key Concept for the unit. 
    • The Key Concepts for your subject group have been defined (below). 
    • Aim to 'spiral' through each of these each year. 
    • You may use another Key Concept instead of one of your own subject's it better fits the unit. 
  • Choose 2-3 Related Concepts for the unit. 
    • These are subject-specific and have been listed below.

Key Concepts

The Key Concepts are trans-disciplinary. The table below outlines which Key Concepts are assigned to each subject group, with the aim that they are addressed through the course. A good model is to 'spiral' them through the curriculum, addressing each one in each year. 
  • Choose one per unit, paying attention to the definitions below. 
  • It is fine to use a different Key Concept in the unit, if it fits the objectives of the unit and as long as the Key Concepts for the unit are addressed in the year. 
  • The Key Concepts below are good way to connect subjects for inter-disciplinary units. 
AestheticsAesthetics deals with the characteristics, creation, meaning and perception of beauty and taste. The study of aesthetics develops skills for the critical appreciation and analysis of art, culture and nature. 
ChangeChange is a conversion, transformation, or movement from one form, state or value to another. Inquiry into the concept of change involves understanding and evaluating causes, processes and consequences.
CommunicationCommunication is the exchange or transfer of signals, facts, ideas and symbols. It requires a sender, a message and an intended receiver. Communication involves the activity of conveying information or meaning. Effective communication requires a common 'language' (which may be written, spoken or non-verbal).
CommunitiesCommunities are groups that exist in proximity defined by space, time or relationship. Communities include, for example, groups of people sharing particular characteristics, beliefs or values as well as groups of interdependent organisms living together in a specific habitat.
ConnectionsConnections are links, bonds and relationships among people, objects, organisms or ideas.
CreativityCreativity is the process or ability to make or produce something new and original, often characterized by the use of imagination or divergent thinking. It may be evident in the process as well as the outcome, solution or product.
CultureCulture encompasses a range of learned and shared beliefs, values, interests, attitudes, products, ways of knowing and patterns of behaviour created by human communities. The concept of culture is dynamic and organic.

Development is the act or process of growth, progress or evolution, sometimes through Iterative improvements.

FormForm is the shape and underlying structure of an entity or piece of work, including its organization, essential nature and external appearance.
Global InteractionsGlobal interaction focuses on the connections among individuals and communities, as well as their relationships with built and natural environments, from the perspective of the world as a whole.
IdentityIdentity is the state or fact of being the same. It refers to the particular features which define individuals, groups, things, eras, places, symbols and styles. Identity can be observed, or it can be constructed, asserted, and shaped by external and internal influences.
LogicLogic is a method of reasoning and a system of principles used to build arguments and reach conclusions.
PerspectivesPerspective is the position from which we observe situations, objects, facts, ideas and opinions. Perspective may be associated with individuals, groups, cultures or disciplines. Different perspectives often lead to multiple representations and interpretations.
RelationshipsRelationships are the connections and associations between properties, objects, people and ideas-including the human community's connections with the world in which we live. Any change in relationship brings consequences-some of which may occur on a small scale, while others may be far reaching, affecting large networks and systems like human societies and the planetary ecosystem.   

Systems are sets of interacting or interdependent components. Systems provide structure and order in human, natural and built environments. Systems can be

static or dynamic, simple or complex.


Time, Place & SpaceTime, place and space: The intrinsically-linked concept of time, space and place refers to the absolute or relative position of people, objects and ideas. 'Time, place and space' focuses on how we construct and use our understanding of location ("where" and "when").

Related Concepts

These are discipline-specific concepts. 2-3 should be addressed in each unit. It is up to departments to ensure sufficient horizontal and vertical coverage. More detail and support on these will be provided in subject guides and teacher support material. 

Language & Literature

 Audience Imperatives CharacterContext      Genres
 Intertextuality Point of view Purpose Self-expression
 Setting Structure Style Theme

Language Acquisition

Phases 1-2
 Accent AudienceContext      Conventions
Form Function Meaning Message
 Patterns Purpose Structure Word choice
Phases 3-4
 Accent ContextConventions Empathy
Function Idiom Meaning Message
 Points of view Purpose Structure Word choice
Phases 5-6
 Argument AudienceBias Context
Empathy Idiom Inference Point of view
 Purpose Stylistic choices Theme Voice

Individuals & Societies

 Choice Consumption  Equity Globalization
 Growth Model Poverty Power
 Resources Scarcity Sustainability Trade
Causality (cause & consequence)  CultureDisparity & equityDiversity
 Globalization Management & interventionNetworks  Patterns & trends
 Power Processes Scale Sustainability
 Causality (cause & consequence)  Civilization Conflict    Cooperation
 Culture Governance Identity Ideology
Innovation & revolution Interdependence Perspective Significance
Integrated Humanities
 Causality (cause & consequence)   Choice CultureEquity
 Globalization  IdentityInnovation & revolution  Perspective
  Power  Processes Resources Sustainability


 Balance ConsequencesEnergyEnvironment
 Evidence Form Function Interaction
 Models Movement Patterns Transformation
 Balance ConditionsConsequencesEnergy
 Evidence Form Function Interaction
 Models Movement Patterns Transfer
 Consequences DevelopmentEnergyEnvironment
 Evidence Form Function Interaction
 Models Movement Patterns Transformation
Integrated Sciences
Balance ConsequencesEnergyEnvironment
 Evidence Form Function Interaction
 Models Movement Patterns Transformation


 Change EquivalenceGeneralizationJustification
 Measurement Model Pattern Quantity
 Representation Simplification Space System


Visual Arts
 Audience BoundariesCompositionExpression
 Genre Innovation Interpretation Narrative
 Presentation Representation Style Visual culture
Performing Arts
 Audience BoundariesCompositionExpression
 Genre Innovation Interpretation Narrative
 Play Representation Role Structure

Physical & Health Education

 Adaptation Balance Choice Energy
 Environment Function Interaction Movement
 Perspectives Refinement Space Systems


 Adaptation Collaboration Ergonomics Evaluation
 Form Function Innovation Invention
 Markets & Trends  Perspective Resources